Professor Paul Salmon


Professor Human Factors

Director Centre for Human Factors and Sociotechnical Systems


Professor Paul Salmon holds a chair in Human Factors and is creator and director of the Centre for Human Factors and Sociotechnical Systems at the University of the Sunshine Coast. He currently holds a prestigious Australian Research Council Future Fellowship and has over 16 years experience in applied Human Factors research in a number of areas, including defence, transportation, workplace safety, sports and outdoor recreation, and disaster management.

Paul has co-authored 11 books, over 150 peer reviewed journal articles, and numerous conference articles and book chapters. He has received various accolades for his contributions to research and practice, including the UK Ergonomics Society’s Presidents Medal, the Royal Aeronautical Society’s Hodgson Prize for best research and paper, the University of the Sunshine Coast’s Vice Chancellor and Presidents Medal for Research Excellence and various early career researcher awards. He has received various best paper awards, including from the Australian Aviation Psychology Symposium, and the Australasian Road Safety Research, Policing and Education Conference. In 2016 Paul was awarded the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Australia’s Cumming Memorial Medal for his contribution to Human Factors research and practice.

Paul’s current research interests relate to extending Human Factors and sociotechnical systems theory and methods to support the optimisation of systems in a diverse set of application areas. Specific areas of focus include:

  • accident prediction and analysis;
  • applying systems thinking approaches to understand and enhance safety in transportation systems;
  • development of accident countermeasures in line with systems thinking;
  • cybersecurity;
  • the optimisation of sports systems;
  • distributed situation awareness; and
  • development and testing of human factors models and methods.

Selected recent publications (see publications page for full list)

Stanton, N. A., Salmon, P. M, Walker, G. H., Salas, E., Hancock, P. (2017). State-of-the-science: Situation Awareness Models. Ergonomics, 60:4, 449-466

Hulme, A. Salmon, P.M, Nielsen, R.O, Read, G. J. M, Finch, C.F. (In Press). Closing Pandora’s Box: Adapting a systems ergonomics methodology for better understanding the ecological complexity underpinning the development and prevention of running-related injury. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science.

Salmon, P. M., Goode, N. A., Spiertz, A., Thomas, M., Grant, E., Clacy, A. (In Press). Is it really good to talk? Testing the impact of providing concurrent verbal protocols on driving performance. Ergonomics, accepted for publication July 11th 2016.

Mclean, S., Soloman, C., Gorman, A., Salmon, P. M. (2017). What’s in a game? A systems approach to enhancing performance analysis in football. Plos One, 1-15.

Salmon, P. M., Walker, G. H., Read, G. J. M., Goode, N. & Stanton, N. A. (2017). Fitting methods to paradigms: are ergonomics methods fit for systems thinking? Ergonomics, 60:2, 194-205.


Top cited publications

Stanton, N. A., Salmon, P. M., Rafferty, L. & Walker, G. H. (2013). Human factors methods: A practical guide for engineering and design. 2nd Edition, Ashgate, Aldershot, UK

Stanton, N. A., Stewart, R., Harris, D., Houghton, R. J., Baber, C., McMaster, R., Salmon, P. M., Hoyle, G., Walker, G. H., Young, M. S., Linsell, M., Dymott, R., & Green, D. (2006). Distributed situation awareness in dynamic systems: theoretical development and application of an ergonomics methodology. Ergonomics, Vol 49, pp. 1288 – 1311. 

Salmon, P. M., Stanton, N., Walker, G., & Green, D. (2006). Situation awareness measurement: A review of applicability for C4i environments. Applied Ergonomics, Vol 37, 2, pp. 225-238. 

Stanton, N.A., & Salmon, P. M. (2009). Human error taxonomies applied to driving: a generic driver error taxonomy and its implications for intelligent transport systems. Safety Science. 47:2, pp. 227-237. 

Salmon, P. M., Stanton, N. A., Walker, G. H., Jenkins, D. P., Ladva, D., Rafferty, L., Young, M. S. (2009). Measuring situation awareness in complex systems: Comparison of measures study. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 39, pp. 490-500.